[Lustre-devel] SeaStar message priority
eeb at sun.com
Wed Apr 1 09:20:36 PDT 2009
I completely agree with your comments on measurement. I'd
really, really like to see some.
> -----Original Message-----
> From: lustre-devel-bounces at lists.lustre.org [mailto:lustre-devel-bounces at lists.lustre.org] On Behalf Of Lee Ward
> Sent: 01 April 2009 4:58 PM
> To: Oleg Drokin
> Cc: Lustre Development Mailing List
> Subject: Re: [Lustre-devel] SeaStar message priority
> On Wed, 2009-04-01 at 09:14 -0600, Oleg Drokin wrote:
> > Hello!
> > On Apr 1, 2009, at 10:26 AM, Lee Ward wrote:
> > >> It came to my attention that seastar network does not implement
> > >> message priorities for various reasons.
> > > That is incorrect. The seastar network does implement at least one
> > > priority scheme based on age. It's not something an application can
> > > play
> > > with if I remember right.
> > Well, then it's as good as none for our purposes, I think?
> Other than that traffic moves (only very roughly) in a fair manner and
> that packets from different nodes can arrive out of order, I guess.
> I think my point was that there is already a priority scheme in the
> Seastar. Are there additional bits related to priority that you might
> use, also?
> > > I strongly suspect OS jitter, probably related to FS activity, is a
> > > much
> > > more likely explanation for the above. If just one node has the
> > > process/rank suspended then it can't service the barrier; All will
> > > wait
> > > until it can.
> > That's of course right and possible too.
> > Though given how nothing else is running on the nodes, I would think
> > it is somewhat irrelevant, since there is nothing else to give
> > resources to.
> How and where memory is used on two nodes is different. How, where,
> when, scheduling occurs on two nodes is different. Any two nodes, even
> running the same app with barrier synchronization, perform things at
> different times outside of the barriers; They very quickly desynchronize
> in the presence of jitter.
> > The Lustre processing of the outgoing queue is pretty fast in itself at
> > this phase.
> > Do you think it would be useful if I just run 1 thread per node, there
> > would be
> > 3 empty cores to adsorb all the jitter there might be then?
> You will still get jitter. I would hope less, though, so it wouldn't
> hurt to try to leave at least one idle core. We've toyed with the idea
> of leaving a core idle for IO and other background processing in the
> past. The idea was a non-starter with our apps folks though. Maybe the
> ORNL folks will feel differently?
> > > Jitter gets a bad rap. Usually for good reason. However, in this case,
> > > it doesn't seem something to worry overly much about as it will cease.
> > > Your test says the 1st barrier after the write completes in 4.5 sec
> > > and
> > > the 2nd in 1.5 sec. That seems to imply the jitter is settling pretty
> > > rapidly. Jitter is really only bad when it is chronic.
> > Well, 4.5*1200 = 1.5 hours of completely wasted cputime for my
> > specific job.
> That 1200 is the number of checkpoints? If so, I agree. If it's the
> number of nodes, I do not.
> > So I thought it would be a good idea to get to the root of it.
> > We hear many arguments here at the lab that "what good the buffered io
> > is for
> > me when my app performance is degraded if I don't do sync. I'll just do
> > the sync and be over with it". Of course I believe there is still
> > benefit to not
> > doing the sync, but that's just me.
> If the time to settle the jitter is on the order of 10 seconds but it
> takes 15 seconds to sync, it would be better to live with the jitter,
> no? I suggested an experiment to make this comparison. Why argue with
> them? just do the experiment and you can know which strategy is better.
> > > To me, you are worrying way too much about the situation immediately
> > > after a write. Checkpoints are relatively rare, with long periods
> > > between. Why worry about something that's only going to affect a very
> > > small portion of the overall job? As long as the jitter dissipates
> > > in a
> > > short time, things will work out fine.
> > I worry abut it specifically because users tend to do sync after the
> > write and that
> > wastes a lot of time. So as a result - I want as much of data to enter
> > into cache
> > and then trickle out all by itself and I want users not to see any bad
> > effects
> > (or otherwise to show to them that there are still benefits).
> Users tend to do sync for more reasons than making the IO deterministic.
> They should be doing it so that they can have some faith that the last
> checkpoint is actually persistent when interrupted.
> However, they should do the sync right before they enter the IO phase,
> in order to also get the benefits of write-back caching. Not after the
> IO phase. In the event of an interrupt, this forces them to throw away
> an in-progress checkpoint and the last one before that, to be safe, but
> the one before the last should be good.
> The apps could also be more reasonable about their checkpoints, I've
> noticed. Often, for us anyway, the machine just behaves. If the app
> began by assuming the machine was unreliable but as it ran for longer
> and longer periods, it could (I argue should) allow the period between
> checkpoints to grow. If the idea is to make progress, as I'm told, then
> on a well behaved machine far fewer checkpoints are required. Most apps,
> though, just use a fixed period and waste a lot of time doing their
> checkpoints when the machine is being nice to them.
> > > Maybe you could convince yourself of the efficacy of write-back
> > > caching
> > > in this scenario by altering the app to do an fsync() after the write
> > > phase on the node but before the barrier? If the app can get back to
> > > computing, even with the jitter-disrupted barrier, faster than it
> > > could
> > > by waiting for the outstanding dirty buffers to be flushed then it's a
> > > net win to just live with the jitter, no?
> > I do not need to convince myself. IT's the app programmers that are
> > fixated
> > on "oh, look, my program is slower after the write if I do not do
> > sync, I must
> > do sync!"
> Try the experiment. Show them the data. They are, in theory, reasoning
> people, right?
> In some cases, your app programmers will be unfortunately correct. An
> app that uses so much memory that the system cannot buffer the entire
> write will incur at least some issues while doing IO; Some of the IO
> must move synchronously and that amount will differ from node to node.
> This will have the effect of magnifying this post-IO jitter they are so
> worried about. It is also why I wrote in the original requirements for
> Lustre that if write-back caching is employed there must be a way to
> turn it off.
> If they aren't sizing their app for the node's physical memory, though,
> I would think that the experiment should show that write-back caching is
> a win.
> > Bye,
> > Oleg
> Lustre-devel mailing list
> Lustre-devel at lists.lustre.org
More information about the lustre-devel