[lustre-discuss] 1.8 client on 3.13.0 kernel

Martin Hecht hecht at hlrs.de
Fri Sep 11 01:30:51 PDT 2015

a few more comments in-line

On 09/10/2015 09:11 PM, Lewis Hyatt wrote:
> Thanks a lot for the info, a little more optimistic :-).
> -Lewis
> On 9/10/15 11:17 AM, Mohr Jr, Richard Frank (Rick Mohr) wrote:
>> Lewis,
>> I did an upgrade from Lustre 1.8.6 to 2.4.3 on our servers, and for
>> the most part things went pretty good.  I’ll chime in on a couple of
>> Martin’s points and mention a few other things.
>>> On Sep 10, 2015, at 9:30 AM, Martin Hecht <hecht at hlrs.de> wrote:
>>> In any case the file systems should be clean before starting the
>>> upgrade, so I would recommend to run e2fsck on all targets and repair
>>> them before starting the upgrade. We did so, but unfortunately our
>>> e2fsprogs were not really up to date and after our lustre upgrade a lot
>>> of fixes for e2fsprogs were committed to whamclouds e2fsprogs git. So,
>>> probably some errors on the file systems were still present, but
>>> unnoticed when we did the upgrade.
>> This is a very important point.  While I didn’t run e2fsck before the
>> upgrade (but maybe I should have), I made sure to install the latest
>> e2fsprogs.
well, a version of the e2fsprogs with some important fixes was released
shortly after we did the upgrade. Maybe this was just because we ran
into these bugs, and the vendor escalated our tickets to whamcloud/intel

>>> Lustre 2 introduces the FID (which is something like an inode number,
>>> where lustre 1.8 used the inode number of the underlying ldiskfs, but
>>> with the possibility to have several MDTs in one file system a
>>> replacement was needed). The FID is stored in the inode, but it can
>>> also
>>> be activated that the FIDs are stored in the directory node, which
>>> makes
>>> lookups faster, especially when there are many files in a directory.
>>> However, there were bugs in the code that takes care about adding the
>>> FID to the directory entry when the file system is converted from
>>> 1.8 to
>>> 2.x. So, I would recommend to use a version in which these bug are
>>> solved. We went to 2.4.1 that time. By default this fid_in_dirent
>>> feature is not automatically enabled, however, this is the only point
>>> where a performance boost may be expected... so we took the risk to
>>> enable this... and ran into some bugs.
>> Enabling fid_in_dirent prevents you from backing out of the upgrade. 
>> In theory, if you upgraded to Lustre 2.x without enabling
>> fid_in_dirent, you could always revert back to Lustre 1.8.  We tried
>> this on a test system, and the downgrade seemed to work.  However,
>> this was a small scale test and I have never tried it on a production
>> file system.  But if you want to minimize possible complications, you
>> could always leave this disabled for a while after the updgrade, and
>> then if things are going well, enable it later on.
actually, the FID is added to new contents, and you have to run the
oi_scrub once to convert the file system. That might be important to
know when you decide to use this feature. On the other hand, if you
don't enable fid_in_dirent, you can go back theoretically, but I think
the FID is still added to regular files (not to the directory entry),
and you can't read these files created with lustre 2 after the
downgrade. However, running lustre 2 without fid_in_dirent is possiblem
at least in the earlier 2.x versions - about 2.5 onwards you would have
to double check. This is sometimes called "Compatibility Mode IGIF"

Anyhow, to avoid running into the problem with the directory entries, I
would also recommend not to enable fid_in_dirent or make sure to choose
a version which has all the fixes for this problem. There are different
types of directories, large and small ones which have a different
structure, and the issue was already fixed for some cases, but we have
hit another case which was not correctly handled until we hit that bug
with our upgrade.

>> My only other advice is to test as much as possible prior to the
>> upgrade.  If you have a little test hardware, install the same Lustre
>> 1.8 version you are currently running in production and then try
>> upgrading that to the new Lustre version.  I think preparation is the
>> key.  I think I spent about 2 months reading about upgrade
>> procedures, talking with others who have upgraded, reading JIRA bug
>> reports, and running tests on hardware.
well, our vendor was preparing the upgrade for about a year and did
intensive testing on several file systems and they changed the targeted
lustre version several times. The problem is that some bugs are only hit
on the real production system. For instance the fid_in_dirent issue: It
depends on the number of files in the directory, and you only notice the
bug when you have upgraded the file system and try to move some files
from such a directory to another place. I'm not sure if it has to be a
directory created after the upgrade, maybe the destination just has to
be a different directory. But to be honest you wouldn't test this
scenario if you weren't aware that such a bug may exist. Or, you might
test, but you might not test all cases with different numbers of files
in a directory.
In fact I had a bad feeling about enabling fid_in_dirent, because
converting the directory entries sounds like a dangerous thing, but due
to the tests carried out the vendor was confident that this would work
fine and it was promising better metadata performance. Anyhow, the point
I want to make is that even if you do a lot of testing, you may miss
issues that only pop up on real production environments. However, the
good thing is that we have hit this already and you can avoid this
problem now, and rick is totally right: talking with others who have
upgraded, reading JIRA bug reports, and running tests is really
important to be prepared and make a good choice of the version to which
you plan to upgrade.

best regards,

-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: smime.p7s
Type: application/pkcs7-signature
Size: 2252 bytes
Desc: S/MIME Cryptographic Signature
URL: <http://lists.lustre.org/pipermail/lustre-discuss-lustre.org/attachments/20150911/165b8671/attachment-0001.bin>

More information about the lustre-discuss mailing list